How do we end our Ramadan?


Originally published in August 2011.

We thank Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala (exalted is He) who has blessed us with witnessing yet another Ramadan! The Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) said that actions are judged by their ending [Bukhari]. So while many of us have started preparing for Eid, we should also make sure that we end this blessed month in a great way.

Tawbah: Repentance

We end this month by returning to Allah (swt) in a state of humility and repentance. We seek forgiveness of Allah (swt) and repent to Him because we acknowledge that our deeds are deficient, and we acknowledge that we have wronged ourselves and others.

Repenting to Allah (swt) is a reminder that Allah is the One who guided us to righteous deeds, and we do not know if He will accept them from us. Allah (swt) teaches us in the Qur’an that when we end a deed, we end it with seeking forgiveness. We seek forgiveness after finishing our prayers and after we end a gathering just as Allah (swt) told the Prophet ﷺ to seek forgiveness and to repent after the Opening of Makkah.

We are taught to repeat the du`a’ of the last 10 nights: “O Allah, You Alone are the One who Pardons, and You Alone love to Pardon, so pardon me.” This du`a’ embodies one of the goals of Ramadan, to be forgiven and to start anew. Pardoning, or ‘afw, means to wipe the slate clean. We end this month by turning back to Allah (swt) and asking Him to wipe our slates clean.

Shukr: Gratitude

We end this month in a state of gratitude to Allah (swt). Allah (swt) says:

“[…] to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which he has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful,” (Qur’an 2:185).

We thank Allah (swt) for all that He has given us during this month. He blessed us to be among those who worshiped Him and He gave us the health and ability to fast, to pray, and to increase in our good deeds. We thank Him for giving us the opportunity to grow and come closer to Him. We thank Him for the innumerable gifts – the ones we often forget because we are accustomed to their presence in our lives.

Gratitude is a trait of the believers that is highlighted throughout the Qur’an and the tradition of the Prophet ﷺ. We even see that when the believers enter Paradise, they say:

“[…] ‘Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us.’ […]” (Qur’an 7:43).

Being grateful to Allah (swt) and thanking Him reminds us to be humble, because we would not have received anything good or have had the opportunity to do any good without the Help of Allah (swt). Gratitude is a means to faith. It reminds us of our need and reliance upon Allah (swt).

Takbeer: Proclaiming the Greatness of Allah

We end this month by declaring the Greatness of Allah (swt) for what He has guided us to. Allah (swt) says:

“[…] to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which he has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful,” (Qur’an 2:185).

Takbeer is to declare the Greatness of Allah (swt), to exalt Him, and magnify Him. Saying “Allahu Akbar” is the highest and best way to exalt Allah (swt). It literally means “Allah is Greater”, and it is understood: Greater than everything and anything else.

We make takbeer from the night of Eid until the Eid prayer by saying:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar                           Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater

La ilaaha il Allah,                                                There is no deity worthy of worship except for Allah

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar                           Allah is Greater, Allah is the Greater

wa Lillahil Hamd                                                  and for Allah Alone is All Praise

We repeat this throughout the night and day, reminding ourselves that Allah (swt) is Greater than everything else, that He is Perfect, Flawless and deserving of all Praise for having guided us to finish Ramadan.

Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen (rahimahu allah, may Allah have mercy on him) says: “What is more beautiful than seeing the people declare the greatness of Allah (swt) and His Magnificence in every area and place, filling the horizon with Allahu Akbar (Allah is Greater than everything), Alhamdulillah (Praise and thanks is for Allah Alone) and La ilaaha il Allah (There is no deity worthy of worship except for Allah), between hope and awe of Him!”

Intention to Change

We end this month with the intention to continue fasting, praying and doing good. Ramadan is a month of change that is meant to give us a spiritual cleansing that will last us the whole year. The virtues of fasting and praying do not end after we celebrate Eid; rather, Eid should be the beginning of a new chapter for us to continue doing the habits we started in Ramadan. We can continue reading the Qur’an, fasting Mondays and Thursdays, or the White Days (the 13th-15th of each lunar month), and we can pray the night prayers every night (or once a week).

We’ve tasted the sweetness of standing during the night; we’ve tasted the sweetness of raising our hands to Allah (swt) in supplication; we’ve tasted the sweetness of breaking our fast after a long day; we’ve tasted the sweetness of giving charity.

Continuing these habits after Ramadan may be difficult, but now you know that you can do it. The sacrifices we’ve made during this month to take full advantage of it have shown us that developing good habits and a strong spiritual relationship with Allah (swt) is not out of our reach. We’ve done it, so now can we continue it? One of the great past scholars, ibn Rajab (ra) says: “Be cautious of returning to enslavement after having been freed.”

So we ask Allah (swt), the One who guided us to worship Him in Ramadan, to help us continue in our worship and good deeds. Remember that Ramadan has left us but the One who created this month will never leave. He is Living and His reward is Everlasting.

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16 Comments

  1. Safia says:

    Jazakallahi Khair for this great piece of advice.

  2. Ally says:

    Jazakumullah Kheir for this wonderful article. MashAllah some beautiful reminders, inshAllah we will keep our good habits even after this most holy month.

    May Allah the most gracious reward you and this site for providing quintessential articles online,,a great resource mashAllah.

    May Allah reward us all for our efforts and bring us all together in Janat-al-Firdaus inshAllah.

    Ameen!!

    <3

  3. Abdullah says:

    Truly how can we return to disobedience after tasting the sweetness of Ramadan and all that it entails. Allahu Akbar wal humdililah wa laillha illa Allah.

  4. Sharaf says:

    Thank you for the timely advice. May Allah give us strength to persevere with our ibadah after Ramadhan.

  5. sam says:

    I understand the fast for Mondays and Thursdays.Please can someone explain what is the white days

    • Amatullah says:

      the white days are the days of the hijri month where the moon is full. These days are the 13, 14, and 15 of every hijri month. They are called the white days because the moon is the brightest.

  6. Abdullah says:

    Assalamualaikum Warahamtullahi Wabarakatuh

    1. Jazakumullahukhairankasira for this wonderful reminder. May Allah swt accept out deeds.

    2. Answering our beloved brother Sam, here is the link on white days :)

    http://www.sunniforum.com/forum/showthread.php?27496-Shawwal-White-Days

    Snippet :
    The white days do exist in every lunar month; such days occur when the moon appears all the night; hence the name relates to the appearance of moon all the night and the sun all the day; they include the 13th , the 14th , and the 15th days of every lunar month. (So they are 3 days, not six as common).

    3. Allahummaj’alna minal ‘aidin wal faizin wal maqbulin :)

    Allahumma ameen :)

    taqaballa Allahu minna wa minkum :)

    kullu ‘am wa antum bikhair :)

    :) سبحان الله وبحمده, سبحان الله العظيم

  7. Safiya Outlines says:

    Salaam Alaikum,

    Jazak Allahu Khayran for this and all your other inspiring articles.

  8. umm hind says:

    maashallah! jazakumallah khair for the advice, these kinds of tips are always better when they are pratical may allah reward u greatly.

  9. Sheikh says:

    Asalaamualaykum warahmatullahi wabarakat.

    What should one reply to qullu am wa antum bikhair

    Jazzakallah khairan

  10. Ahmad Nabeel says:

    Jazakallahu Khair

    May Allah Grant us Tawfeeq to continue the Good deeds we have done In Ramadhan throughout the year

    EID MUBARAK To all Brothers and Sisters

  11. IBRAHIM! says:

    may ALLAH reward u for ur efforts

  12. Hakim says:

    Eid mubarak

  13. Ali Alkanawy says:

    asalam alaykum
    dear brothers and sisters in islam i need ur duah cos i’ve avoided a bad deed in ramadan and don’t want it again but i’m feeling d urge u should pls help pray 4 me

  14. Edmilia Kamara says:

    Allahu Akbar.. Ya Allah all praise is for you our Master.. You are the most forgiving the ever mercifully. I thank you for having guided me through this Month of Ramadan. For guiding me into taking my Shahada, the greatest feeling I as your servant can I. With your help and guidance I learnt how best to worship you my Master. With you onlone by my side I shall continue on a straight path in which you have placed me Allah (swt).. Bless and you our Lord.. Allahu Akbar

  15. syed moeen uddin says:

    ramadan the best month in all the islamic months. in this month the bleesings of Allah becomes more than before. in this month the muslims keeps fast and pray to God for their success . a muslim can ern heaven with prayers. if a muslim misses thisn apportunity then it is his on mistake. very good article wriiten by the author i appreciate you. this article got a place in my heart and mind.

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