Descartes’ analysis of star systems, circa 1644.
S is the sun, epsilon is a star, RQD… is a comet’s path.
The Form Of Principled Critique: Characterization Before Deconstruction
In principle, and according to sound research method when dealing with modernity we must first look to:
a.) its history (the development of modernity: causes and architects)
b.) its politics
c.) its epistemology (theory of knowing and knowledge)
d.) the reality of the scientific method
e.) its ethics
f.) its metaphysics
There are a number of issues regarding modernity that have not been properly treated by Muslim critics. Of those is a sound characterization of modernity which involves dealing with the topics listed above (see: a-f). Furthermore, after a sound characterization of modernity a critical assessment is demanded of it in light of Qur’anic Epistemology and Islamic tradition. The lack to do so is a deficiency in method and a detour from the methodologies of Islamic scholarship. This deficiency must be overcome in order to realize a robust assessment of modernity. To date Muslims in the West are taking their cues for a critique of modernity from the school of perennialism and not Islamic tradition.
A Metaphysical Cue Taken From The Habaaib Of Yemen
Habib Umar, from the Ulema of Yemen, the reknown “Sufi” in his close to 9 minute discourse in Arabic on You Tube established a nice traditional exposition of the problem of modernity without referring to Perennialist thinkers or sources. In brief the whole of what Habib Umar (h) said is summed in the following phrase: “… despite technological advancement (i.e., going into space) contemporary civilization is materialistic and is not informed about the reality of the purpose of life”
The problems of modernity as framed by Islam can be summed as the following:
a.) the supremacy of man over the Divine
b.) the dominance of the material over the spiritual
c.) the dominance of rationality over revelation and the heart
d.) the rise of the individual (ego) over the community
e.) personalized truth (subjectivity)
(Descartes’ (The Father Of Modernity) Mechanical View Of the World)
Modernity has afforded man a technological-know-how that is unprecedented in the history of man but has left him empty in relation to Being. The techne (skill and ability) that humanity has gained and which we employ to serve the aims of material and intellectual life do little to serve life as a whole given that they only aid us at the phenomenal level of reality, the material sphere. Aside from revealing to us great potentials to master the material sphere of life Modernity given man the potential to engage good or great destruction in an unprecedented manner…(to be continued)