Question About Dogs


QUESTION:

Assalamu `alaykum.

`Amu,

I was playing with some friends and they started throwing rocks at a black dog. When I told them to stop, they said that Islam encourages us to kill them. Is that true? My mom told me to ask you.

ANSWER:

No, we are not! A great scholar named al-Hattab wrote,

“The majority of scholars from the Maliki school hold that it is not allowed to kill black dogs unless they cause harm. The hadith that ordered that to be done was abrogated by the words of the Prophet ﷺ: ‘Do not harm any living creature1‘; by the fact that the Prophet ﷺ mentioned the story of a man who provided a dog water to drink, saying about him, ‘He was forgiven by God [for observing this act of kindness]‘; and his statement, ‘There is a reward for benevolence shown towards any creature.2‘”

Hope that helps, little brother.
Suhaib


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20 Comments

  1. Marwa says:

    قال (صلى الله عليه و سلم) : “فى كل ذى كبد رطب صدقة” صدق رسول الله

  2. Mariam says:

    assalamu alaykum –

    could you clarify if the ahadith about killing salamanders has been abrogated in the same way? I have heard people encouraging people, even kids, to kill them (in Saudi Arabia for example) based on these texts –

    Narrated ‘Aisha: Allah’s Apostle called the salamander a bad animal, but I did not hear him ordering it to be killed.” (Bukhari – Volume 3, Book 29, Number 57)

    Narrated Aisha: The Prophet called the Salamander, a mischief-doer. I have not heard him ordering that it should be killed. Sad bin Waqqas says that the Prophet ordered that it should be killed. (Bukhari – Volume 4, Book 54, Number 525)

    Narrated Um Sharik: Allah’s Apostle ordered that the salamander should be killed and said, “It (i.e. the salamander) blew (the fire) on Ibrahim.” (Bukhari Volume 4, Book 55, Number 579)

    Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who killed a Salamander with the first stroke for him is such and such a reward, and he who killed it with a second stroke for him is such and such reward less than the first one, and he who killed it with the third stroke for him is such and such a reward less than the second one. (Muslim Book 026, Number 5564)

    w’salaam

    • Abu Majeed says:

      Any Animal or insect that is known to be highly probable to cause harm may be killed if coming near us. The issue with the black dog has been studied and some historians have said the Prophet (pbuh) was not talking about all black dogs, rather a known breed of black rabid dogs living around madinah who were known to attack some. Thus being called shaytan maybe figuratively and God knows best. This could also explain the hadith about washing the bowl which it licked since rabies is in the saliva.

  3. abdullah sebale says:

    asalaam aleikum
    is it permissible to wear shoes with pig skin lining?

    • Haq says:

      This is a matter in which the scholars have differed. The majority are of the view that pig skin remains impure even after tanning. However Imam Malik, Imam Abu Yusuf from the Hanafis, as well as Dawud al-Dhahiri saw it as pure. Based on this, especially when such shoes are widespread (Umum al-balwa), shoes with pig skin may be worn.

      Haq.

  4. Saifullah says:

    My understanding is that both the salamander and the black dog are used to represent different types of people which create social dischord. The black dog as someone who creeps about the community and snatches what he can, dealing quick insults and is generally a foul tempered person. The salamander being representative of someone who is lazy and two-faced speaking ill about people behind their backs and good to their faces.

  5. aicha says:

    my heart cries when I see such behaviour towards animals. May Allah guide those who do this and may Allah give us strength to stand up for animal rights.

  6. Abu Omar says:

    please answer yes or no. Do we have to throw rocks at dogs or kill animals? Did RasulUllah s.a.w throw rocks at dogs? killed dogs?

    • Abu Majeed says:

      No! The Prophet did not throw anything at dogs to my knowledge and God knows best

    • Haq says:

      Ibn Ishaq mentions an incident during Fath Makkah (When the Muslims took over Makkah)when a dog came in the way of one of the armies. One of the soldiers was about to harm it and the Prophet (pbuh) stopped him from doing that and thus ensured the dog wasn’t harmed. This is explicit in the fact that the Prophet, far from harming dogs, ensured their safety.

      Hope this helps.

      Haq.

  7. Yusuf says:

    Asalaam Alaikum,

    I remember when I first reverted to Islam 3 years ago an Imam
    told me that I had to get rid of my dogs because they where
    “haram” for a Muslim to keep at home. I was needless to say
    disturbed by this somewhat forceful request. This was before I
    knew that there existed madhabs and that even within the
    madhabs our scholars have different opinions on numerous
    subject matters.

    The first thing I did was read, read, read and I
    found so much information which was contrary to the opinion
    of the Imam who told me to get rid of my dog! Information left
    to us by Imam Malik (may Allah br pleased with him) on how
    viewed the dog as part of the family and other spectacular
    in his Muwadanna. The esteemed Dr. Khalid Abou Al-Fadl also
    has very interesting things to note on the relationship between
    Man and dog. Simply put The Quraan does not support this ill
    view of Dogs that a portion of the Muslim world has, much due
    to ignorance and cultural traditions. I pray to Allah that we all
    become not scholars but Muslims who are willing to learn and
    educate themselves on our religion and to not be mere
    followers of “opinions” within our religion in which there are
    many and not all are correct. Whoever tells you to kill dogs
    needs to ask themselves If you really would kill the hand that
    feeds you or in this case the dog’s mouth that feeds you for
    with the very same dog’s mouth that Allah swt has sanctioned
    us to get food through is the animal you would kill indiscrimi-
    nately. Just think what would the Companions of the cave
    think, what would Allah think of your murderous actions?

  8. meear says:

    i heard that the madhab of imam malik claimed a Dog as makru, is that true?..

    • Haq says:

      Salaams,

      What do you mean by Makruh? The last time I checked the Madhab of Imam Malik holds the dog to be outright pure, including it’s saliva.

      Keeping a dog in the house is another matter altogether.

      Haq.

  9. Ahmed Imran says:

    Dear Yusuf,

    You have offered me an interesting dimension to approach the problem of domesticating the Dog. May Allah (swt) increase us in the knowledge and may He swt increase us our iman.

    • Yusuf says:

      Walaikum Asalaam Wa Rhamatullah Brother,

      I pray that whatever you have gained from my humble comments will lead you to the good for the benefit of all creatures inshallah.

      Salaam,

      Yusuf

  10. Mun says:

    Sorry, this has nothing to do with the topic, but how do you send a question to you guys? Thanks dude. :)

  11. anas says:

    Interesting topic and discussion! Can someone provide us with a run down of the views of each madhab regarding dogs. Haq’s post was a good start about the Maliki madhab. Very interesting, never knew they held a dog to be outright pure!

  12. Muslima2 says:

    I have an acquaintance who is from West Africa, and once said it was hard to get used to how different dogs are in the US. Where he grew up, dogs are wild, and often ill or dangerous for other reasons such as aggression. If this is all you know of dogs, then of course you aren’t going to like them very much.

    A domestic dog, especially one who is properly cared for, is a great blessing in life. I was fortunate enough to have a truly wonderful dog for 16 years. He was smart, brave, gentle even with little children, very protective, and a peacemaker. When the cats would start to fight, he would just stand between them until they got the idea that there would be no fighting today.

    My dog won over both my acquaintance from West Africa (“When I talk about dogs, I am not talking about him. Nobody could not like him.”) and my Muslim neighbor from the Sudan, who brought him treats (bananas and saltine crackers, both of which my dog liked) and petted him and talked to him as if he were the nobility of the household.

    A good guard dog in your house (nor chained in the yard where they can do no good and make convenient targets) can save your life. Mine did.

    He went where I went, slept where I slept, ate what I ate, and when he died I buried him in a good place with my own hands.

  13. amani says:

    One of the most hurtful parts of accepting Islam was the horrible things I was told about these loyal animals by people who were ignorant. In almost ran away from Islam over it. I was raised with dogs and they are innocent. I don’t understand why some people concentrate on negative haddiths and ignore the positive. If Allah says all n animals worship him in ways known only took him…..then how can a dog block an angel from coming in my house? I love with 3 rescued dogs and I am dedicated to them and they to me. Salam Alaikum Amani

  14. Amir Hamzah says:

    There are many opinions about touching or keeping dogs at home. So, the best thing to do is to stay away from dogs. Let the non-muslims keep or handle things about the dogs. There are many other animals that a muslim can touch or keep as pets. But remember, dogs like other animals cannot be harmed or killed except for some unavoidable reasons.

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